Italy: Nadia and Gabriella

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Italy: Nadia and Gabriella


Guglielmo Zoppe's youngest daughters


“I was only 4 and I would have four or five acts. Wake up, Nadia, my mom would say, you need to work… then I would have to sleep in the afternoon or my mom would spank me. She would give us raw egg and Marsala before our exercise. I would jump over the pony, somersault, balancing on the ladder, the balancing wheel. When I fell and was hurt, the police would come: the children can’t work. But it was only for one day.” (Nadia)


“Italy: Nadia and Gabriella,” Italian-American Memories: Documentary Archive, accessed July 1, 2022,